If fraud has ceased to be a taboo subject to feed the sensational press, it is partly thanks to this essay. By showing that even the most famous scientists, from Ptolemy to Newton, succumbed to the temptation to falsify, W. Broad and N. Wade initiated a series of essential works to understand current science. Science is particularly susceptible to lying, plagiarism, and other forms of power abuse because of its elite-favoring hierarchical structure and the methods it was developed with. Denying that it is, like any other social activity, a field of goals, rivalries, or illusions renders inexplicable the amazing tale of this researcher who painted his mouse’s skin to mimic the effects of a transplant. This inquiry into the hidden side of science gives scientific activities a fairer and more human image. This image is too human to not effectively help convey science to a wider audience.